There are a number of ways in which breast cancer is detected:

  • It is recommended that your doctor or general practitioner should examine both your breasts and your armpits every year.
  • In addition to this, women should perform Breast Self-Examination (BSE) every month.
  • Women over the age of 40 should have a mammogram (breast x-ray) every two years. 
  • Breast ultrasound is used in conjunction with a mammogram to determine the nature of abnormal breast tissue seen on a mammogram.


Breast Self-Exam (BSE)  BSE should commence once you have had your first period. If you regularly examine your breasts you will become more aware of how your breasts feel. You are more likely to notice changes (masses, lumps or nipple discharge) which could be early signs of cancer. It is best to do your BSE about a week after your period, when your breasts are not swollen or tender. If you see or feel a change in your breasts, see your doctor immediately. If your doctor says not to worry and you still feel something is not right, then ask to be referred to a breast specialist.

Please click on the bar top left for instructions on how to perform Breast Self-Exam (BSE).